Museum Gallery

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The Six Display Galleries

At the entrance to the museum is the eternal flame. A plaque borrows from the rich folkloric traditions of the land and declares : “Witness be the blood stained earth of Bengal Let the stars and moon also testify We have not forgotten our fallen Shaheeds We shall forget nothing at all”. The visitors are expected to pay their respects to the fallen heroes by observing a minute’s silence in front of the flame.

Gallery I:

• Displays some archaeological materials from as far back as 500 BC
• Presents the history and rich heritage of the syncretistic lifestyle and culture of Bengal
• Advent of colonial rule and the various popular uprisings against foreign domination
• Communal tensions culminating in the creation of Pakistan (1947)

Gallery II:

• At the entry to gallery II there are two bricks from the Cellular Jail in the Andaman Islands and the names of those freedom fighters who were hanged there by the British
• Presents history of the Pakistan period (1947 – 1971) and united struggle of the people for the adoption of Bengali as a state language and for a secular democracy, upholding national culture
• The victory of the United Front Government in 1954 and the crushing defeat of the Muslim League
• The promulgation of Martial Law in 1958
• The students’ movement of 1962 and the ongoing struggle for cultural freedom
• The mass upsurge movement of 1969 and the Agartala Conspiracy Case
• Personal belongings of Bangabandhu
• The Cyclone of 1970, the opposition of Jamat-e Islami Party against these pro-peoples’ movements and the thumping victory of the nationalist forces in the 1970 elections
• The important and significant role of women in these movements

Gallery III:

• At the entrance to gallery III are some of the most famous posters used by the Bangladesh Government in exile. There also is a touch-screen, which gives the visitor an overview of the history of the struggle
• The denial by the Pakistani Junta of the 1970 election verdict and the sense of deprivation amongst the Bengalis
• The historical March 7 speech and the non-cooperation movement
• The so-called attempts of negotiations by the Pakistanis
• The declaration of independence by Bangabandhu S. Mujibur Rahman on March 26, 1971
• The announcement from the “Swadhin Bangla Radio Station” by Major Ziaur Rahman on March 27, 1971
• The exodus of people to India and the life in the refugee camps
• The formation of the government in exile by the elected representatives Galleries IV, V & VI At the entrance to gallery IV are displayed the strength and the organizational structure of forces of both sides and the various sectors & the Sector Commanders of the Muktibahini.

Gallery IV

• Personal belongings of the Shaheeds and the memorabilia of the Sector & Brigade Commanders
• Memorabilia of the various functionaries of the Government in exile including the Prime Minister & some members of the Cabinet

Gallery V

• At the entrance to gallery V is displayed documents relating to the international effort, the role of the governments of India & the Soviet Union & USA, the role played by the citizens of these countries & the European nations
• Documents & artifacts used by the Naval Commandos, the Free Bangladesh Radio and the Bangladesh Air Force
• Role played by the International media and cultural activists
• The role played by the religious fundamentalists and collaborators of the Pakistani Army inside the country
• The role played by women in the war
• Display of the arms used by the Muktibahini

Gallery VI

• The killing of the intellectuals
• Excavated human remains from two Killing Fields in Dhaka
• Artifacts and documents showing the atrocities on women & children
• The portraits of the “Bir Shreshthos”
• The final thrust of the Joint Forces Command
• The role & the sacrifices of the Indian Army
• Victory on December 16, 1971 and the surrender of the Pakistani Army to the Joint Command

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