Evolution of fundamental Principals of 1972

Home Evolution of fundamental Principals of 1972

After Bangladesh gained independence on December 16, 1971 the Pakistanis released Bangabandhu from the Pakistani prison and he returned to Bangladesh. The same representatives who were elected from East Pakistan in the 1970 elections placed the new constitution of Bangladesh on the floor of the Parliament and the Constitution was approved by the House on November 4, 1972.

The Bengali nation had struggled for democracy, secular values and national rights for years. The military rulers of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan tried to stifle the democratic and national aspirations of the Bengalis and they had long been planning their systematic genocide in the name of religion. The struggle of the Bengali people began as a result of this denial — from language movement of 1952 and culminated in an armed resistance in 1971, which ultimately led to the emergence of Bangladesh as a secular democratic nation state.

The following fundamental principles enshrined in the Constitution therefore evolved from its tradition and experience of this popular struggle.

  • Democracy
  • Nationalism
  • Secularism
  • Socialism

(The fundamental principle of Socialism is generally considered in the context of social justice, particularly for the disadvantaged.)

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